PROF. DR. ADEM DERVİŞOĞLU
Endocrine surgery refers to the surgical treatment of diseases of the endocrine glands in the body when surgery is indicated. Thyroid diseases (goiter, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, Graves’ disease, thyroid nodules, and thyroid cancers), parathyroid diseases (hyperparathyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, and parathyroid gland cancers), diseases of adrenal glands (Cushing Syndrome, Addison Syndrome, Pheochromocytoma, Addison Syndrome, Incidentaloma, and adrenocortical cancers), and pancreatic surgical endocrine diseases (insulinoma, gastrinoma, VIPoma, Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome, and carcinoid syndrome) are evaluated by specialists in general surgery and endocrinology.
At the diagnosis stage, specialists in radiology and nuclear medicine join the team. Interventional methods are used when necessary. Needle biopsies are reliable methods to evaluate thyroid gland diseases.
Dr. Adem Dervişoğlu, MD, Professor
The growth of the thyroid; in other words, the increase in its size and weight is called goiter albeit in small amounts. This abnormal growth may occur in one or more areas of the thyroid gland and nodules may protrude out or may grow inward. Whether it is diffuse or nodular goiter, the hormone levels should be normal (euthyroid) and there should be no inflammation or growth due to a tumoral cause.
Parathyroid glands are located in the neck close to the thyroid gland. They secrete a hormone called parathyroid hormone, regulating the calcium metabolism in the body. There are usually 4 pieces of parathyroid glands, each weighing 30-40 grams. The parathyroid glands maintain the blood calcium levels within certain limits, ensure the normal functioning of nerves, muscles, the heart, kidneys, and bones.